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Causes and Ways To Treat Toothache

Causes and Ways To Treat Toothache
Last Update: 2023-11-11 12:33 PM

Causes and Ways To Treat Toothache

Toothache is a condition when the inside or around the teeth and jaw feel sore or painful. The severity of the pain can vary, ranging from mild to severe. Toothache can also come and go or go on and on.

Toothaches typically indicate a condition affecting the gums or teeth. However, in certain cases, toothache can also be a sign of a disease in another part of the body whose pain spreads to the area around the tooth, such as jaw joint disorders, earache, sinus, or heart disease.


Although it is generally not life-threatening, it is best to check with a dentist so that the toothache can be treated immediately. This is because a toothache can be caused by a dangerous disease, such as tooth decay or a heart attack.

Causes of Toothache

Toothache usually appears as a symptom of a disease, whether it is a disease originating from the oral cavity or other parts of the body. Dental problems that result in toothaches can be brought on by:

While toothache due to pain that spreads from other parts of the body can occur as a result of:

In addition to the causes above, the factors below can also increase a person's risk of experiencing toothache:

Toothache Symptoms

The severity of toothache is very diverse, ranging from mild pain that only causes discomfort, to severe pain that is unbearable. Pain from a toothache can also feel sharp, throbbing, or stabbing.

In addition to pain, some other symptoms that can arise due to toothache are:

Toothache pain generally worsens at night, especially when the sufferer is lying down. Pain can also worsen when the sufferer eats and drinks, especially if they consume food or drinks that are hot, cold, too sweet, or too acidic.

When should you go to the doctor?

See a doctor immediately if the toothache has lasted for more than 2 days, or if the pain does not improve even after self-treatment. In addition, an examination by a doctor is required if the toothache is accompanied by:

Toothache Diagnosis

In patients who complain of toothache, the doctor will first search for the symptoms felt by the patient, namely by asking:

After that, the doctor will examine the patient's mouth, teeth, gums, jaw, tongue, throat, sinuses, ears, nose, and neck.

The doctor will also check the stimulation of the teeth, for example by displaying a cold temperature on the teeth, tapping the teeth with a tool, asking the patient to bite or chew something, as well as pressing the patient's teeth with a finger.

If the patient is suspected of suffering from a disease or other condition that can cause toothache, the doctor will carry out additional examinations, in the form of:

If the examination does not find abnormalities in the teeth, it is possible that the toothache is caused by disorders in other parts of the body. Therefore, the dentist will refer the patient to a doctor related to the disease or condition.

Toothache Treatment

If you experience a toothache, it is best to see a dentist immediately to find out the cause so that it can be treated correctly. However, if the toothache experienced is still mild, there are several self-treatment steps that can be done at home to alleviate it, namely:

If self-treatment cannot relieve the toothache, the doctor can do some of the following actions:

Complications of Toothache

Toothache is generally not dangerous. However, the infection that occurs in the teeth risks spreading to other parts of the body. If the infection spreads, complications that can occur include:

Toothache Prevention

Prevention is always better than cure. Therefore, to prevent toothache, start doing the following steps:

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